The physical structure in which a network exists is an important factor to consider when maintaining the security of the networking equipment.
Computer infrastructure is the backbone of any business. Major programming, applications, and devices are supported by a computer network. For that reason, networking design and its security are of utmost importance for any firm. Although, it may be complex due to security challenges.
The ideal network for companies should be straightforward and easily managed. Network wiring runs through walls, ceilings, basements, and sometimes even outside. Many environmental factors can have an impact on these components, eventually leading to network deterioration or breakdown.
It is the network administrator’s responsibility to implement and manage a suitable networking environment by developing guidelines for fundamental network equipment practices.
A healthy networking environment is required for operating the electronic equipment which is in the same temperature and humidity range that humans find comfortable.
Networking equipment is not only important in the offices, they are also important in the manufacturing sector that is used to regulate the usage for managing the flow of work through manufacturing operations. Networking equipment also runs the equipment in modern plants. The entire manufacturing process can be monitored and controlled from a central location by incorporating network technology into this environment.
Types of networking devices:
For building a strong environment for networking equipment, the following networking devices are essential:
Hubs are devices that connect multiple local area network (LAN) devices together, functioning in a physical layer. Hub amplifies signals that deteriorate after traveling long distances over connecting cables.
Switches are used to connect strands of LAN by working at the data link layer. They are basically used to read hardware addresses for transmitting them to an appropriate destination.
Routers assist in the transmission of packets by forecasting a path through the sea of interconnected network devices. They separate the packets from the incoming frames by assigning IP addresses to them.
Bridges are used to connect two or more networking segments. They are used to store and forward frames between several segments that the bridge connects.
Gateways are used to deal with several protocols and standards from different vendors by functioning at the transport layer of the OSI model.
A firewall is for isolating one network from another. Firewalls are used to monitor incoming and outgoing network traffic by deciding whether to allow or block specific traffic based on specific security rules.
WI-FI Access Points
Wireless access points are most often used in local area networks (LANs) and metropolitan area networks (MANs). They allow wireless devices such as laptops, smartphones, tablets, and printers to connect to a wired or wireless network.
Wi-Fi Access points and become an integral part of many businesses and institutions due to many known reasons. For example it can provide strong signals transmission while easily extending the Wi-Fi router range of an existing network.
ODF (Optical distribution frame)
Optical distribution frame is widely used and inclusive fiber optics distribution frame. It increases the reliability and flexibility of fiber optic network during deployment and maintenance. Selection of ODF is a complex procedure as it requires careful considerations of applications. It is one of the most popular piece of equipment that helps in cost reduction.
Patch panel is a piece of hardware with multiple ports. Each of these ports has a wire leading to a different location. Most significant advantage of patch panel is its scalability that means once it is installed, new devices can be easily added.
It Reduces Tangled Cables. As patch panels are usually located closer to the actual equipment. This allows for the use of a shorter patch cable. Patch panels facilitates in only data transmission that means they are extremely economical and cost effective.
Key stone jacks
Keystone jacks are keystone module connectors used in LAN wiring and data communication. The connector is typically mounted in a wall plate or patch panel which is connected to the keystone plug. A keystone module is a snap-in package used to mount various low-voltage electrical jacks. It can also be used to secure optical connectors to a wall plate or patch panel.